The 1871 demographic distribution and population in the plantation areas is given below: British figures such as Henry Randolph Trafford arrived in Ceylon and bought coffee estates in places such as Poyston, near Kandy, in 1880, which was the centre of the coffee culture of Ceylon at the time.
The highest production of 340 million kg was recorded in 2013, while the production in 2014 was slightly reduced to 338 million kg.
The humidity, cool temperatures, and rainfall of the country's central highlands provide a climate that favors the production of high-quality tea.
Planters experimented with cocoa and cinchona as alternative crops but failed due to an infestation of Heloplice antonie, Further experimental tea plants were brought from Assam and Calcutta in India to Peradeniya in 1839 through the East India Company and over the years that followed.
In 1839 the Ceylon Chamber of Commerce was established followed by the Planters' Association of Ceylon in 1854.
Sri Lanka is the world's fourth-largest producer of tea.