In 1815 the turnpike's trustees straightened the main road to follow its current course. The agricultural depression of the late 18th and early 19th centuries led to a decline in population and some emigration.
They bought two cottages on the brook and demolished them to make the High Street bridge. This period saw a marked increase in poor relief, mainly as a result of successive poor laws including the Speenhamland system, which exacerbated the effects of the Enclosure of land and the decline in the wool market.
Bloxham is a village and civil parish in northern Oxfordshire on the edge of the Cotswolds, about 3 miles (5 km) southwest of Banbury.
It is on the edge of a valley and overlooked by Hobb Hill. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 3,374.
John Wade, Bloxham's vicar, was identified as a ringleader and threatened with being hanged from his own church tower, but was later pardoned.
From the 17th century Nonconformism flourished and was closely linked with the dissenting movement in Banbury.
In the Middle Ages it was a large parish with 403 contributors to the poll tax of 1377, of whom 78 lived in neighbouring Milcombe.