A major turning point occured in 1843, when Charles Dickens wrote the novel "A Christmas Carol".
This helped revive the spirit of Christmas due to the large popularity of the book, which portrayed the holiday as a time of family, goodwill, and compassion.
Because very few people have actually seen Santa Claus in person, we can only speculate about what he looks like.
The modern day image of Santa Claus was created in New York after the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783).
During the middle ages Christmas caroling was popular, but was dance focused, with a lead singer and a ring of dancers that provided the chorus.