Like other ancient peoples, the Chinese developed unique attributes.
Despite its severe winters, this area was well suited to agriculture.
In fact, it closely resembled the other cradles of ancient civilizations, such as the valley of the Nile in Egypt.
Some scholars have suggested that travelers from Mesopotamia and from Southeast Asia brought agricultural methods to China, which stimulated the growth of ancient Chinese civilization.
The Shang peoples were known for their use of jade, bronze, horse-drawn chariots, ancestor worship, and highly organized armies.
The remains of Sinanthropus pekinensis, known as Peking Man and dating back to 400,000 BC, were excavated in 1923 at Zhoukoudianzhen near Peking.