In 1948, North Korea (the Democratic People's Republic of Korea) and South Korea (the Republic of Korea) were officially established.
North Korea is run by a Communist government, with Pyongyang as its capital city.
The Yi regime emphasized hierarchical relationships, with highest respect given to family elders, the monarch, and China as the older, more established country.
Western scientific, technological, and religious influences began to make their way to Korea during this period, by way of China.
France, Great Britain, and the United States had already begun to dominate areas within China and other Asian countries.
The most advanced of these, Old Choson, was located in the basin of the Liao and Taedong rivers, where Pyongyang is situated today.
China invaded Choson in the third century Silla conquered Koguryo and Paekche and united the peninsula under the Silla dynasty.
This period saw many advancements in literature, art, and science.