A short time previous to the war, Colonel Sproat had been authorized by the Secretary of War to enlist a company of men into the United States service, out of the settlers, to be an'ployed in guarding and de- fending the settlements, and to superintend and ■distribute them to those points, which most needed tlneir assistance, and to appoint a com- mittee to furnish subsistence for these troops. To meet the expense of these things, I had, at first, ^t^j given to me by friends for the we U ; but a debt remained hanging over me for some time, causing me much anxiety, but 0 given me by friends in Harmar, and 0 raised by an entertainment in Marietta, furnished the means that cleared me of debt, so that on my birthday in 1865, I could say, "I owe no man anything." Among the pleasant things that the kind- ness of friends brought to me was a visit to some of the benevolent institutions of our State at Lancaster and Colum'bus, the comlmissioners paying my expenses, and the ladies of Mari- etta supplying my outfit. Advised by those who knew the country best, we determnied to camp on what is now called "Potato Knob," wdiich is the highest point of land in Washington County. A\'illiam Fearing was appointed such a commit- tee. As the number of children increased dur- ing these years, and the expenses were so much greater, it became more and more ap- parent that the means of support at my com- mand were inadequate to the necessities of the case. To reach this point with our wagon required al- most the cutting of a new road-way; fortun- ately, we found the bed of Bear Creek much of the way bare, which allowed us many times to take the bed of the creek as our road-way, and we were all quite willing that the foremost of those in the outset who proposed riding and tying should drive.
The word that land was to be given for settlement on the IMuskingum had spread through the upper country and had induced many persons to come into the settlement, and to gain a residence, which would entitle them to a loo-acre lot. Thither on the 3rd of April, 1867, the children were removed, but as my health was poor, I resigned my post, and re- mained at the old place. Stu- dents to the number of 166 were in attendance in this academy in 1S47. John Crawford, Henry Fearing, Douglas Putnam, Harlow Chapin and Silas T. When the system of union schools was adopted the Acadeiny building was used for the high school department, and when the high school was discontinued on the west side of the river, it was still used as a public school building until 1891, when it was destroyed by fire, and the Fort School was erected on the site of Fort Harmar. The subse- quent changes from the Marietta Collegiate Institute to the [Marietta College of 1835 are told in' the extracts taken from papers of that day and from the history of Alarietta College which follows. For the want of time I must confine my- self to a mere passing notice. Who is left to treat upon the themes and re- late the incidents of events with accuracy, upon which they discoursed with familiarity?
After old residents \\-ere sup- plied, those who' had families, and those w:ho could furnish some evidence of becoming per- manent settlers, had the first choice, then a month's residence would entitle one to a lot. The Western Liberal Institute was organ- ized by the Universalists of Marietta and char- tered in 1850. I hupe to be able to take up the subject of the analytical method of instruction, which is introduced into this school, in some of its practical details in the succeeding numbers of your paper. Alas, they are forever gone, and bore with them to the grave knowledge, of which we will now all be forever ignorant.
Which is evident from the fact that nearly the whole of the 100,- 000 acres of donation land had been surveyed and deeded away, and improvaiients made — cabins, girdling and clearings — previous to Wayne's treaty, and of those whose lands bor- dered on large streams, many had moved and many more had been ready to mo\'e oil to tlieir farms ere the news of peace. In the year 1866 the mat- ter was again brought forward by S. Knowles, who in March of that year wrote to me to announce that his bill providing for the Children's Home had passed the House by a vote of y2 to 10, and was now a law. A few- years later, when under the charge of Principal R. Smith, the Academy won an enviable rep- utation for the large number of ^Yell prepared teachers that went from its class rooms to the county examinations. Without this preliminary work of the private school, the seminaries and the academy, the public high school of today would never have existed. At first it was an academy and house of worship, the only one in the commun- ity; then it was rented at a nominal rate to some person or persons who would teach there- in a private school of higher grade. \\'e broke camp and made for our homes, where each buried his garments until the kindl}' earth cleansed them of the offensive smell.
Esquire Putnam had built a block-ho'use opposite me, the fall be- fore the treaty, and kept hands at work there. So the plan which I had thought of only as a relief for our own Childrai's Home, became in God's good providence the means by which such in- stitutions have been multiplied all over our State. Early Academies — The Marietta Infant School — Institute of Education — Manual Labor Association — The Marietta Collegiate Institute — Marietta Female Seminary — Marietta College — Historical Sketch of Marietta College— Teach- ers and Educators— Artists. The private school and the academy have performed a very important service for educa- tion in Washington County, as they have in all the earlier settlements in this State. It afforded, for about 10 years, instruction in the higher branches to many students of this and adjoin- ing counties. Bartlett Academy was organized in Wesley township in 1856. Buoy, Isaac Emmons and James King were the first Board of Trustees, and Jefferson M. For many years a large number of students were gathered here. About 1830 the teachers who had used this building, finding their quarters straitened, began to seek other accommodations and we hear of an "In- stitute of Education," with primary and higher departments, and with some hints of Pestaloz- zian theory and practice. Prentiss, "Dear Sir: — It is nothing strange, after an acquaintance with you of more than four years. Woodbridge & Co.— Partnership with Benjamin Ives Gilman dis- solved. We were descendants of Putnam, the old hunter of Pomfret ; but after that misad- venture were cjuite modest in laying claim to the honor.
Most of the Northern men pre A'i- ou'S to coming here were unacquainted with the rifles and the woods ; but by practicing upon the example of those who had been educated among the woods and the Indians, they soon became good hunters and expert woodmen ; those who were well anned and were good marksmen were commonly selected as sentinels for the working parties, and were always ready to start upon any discovery or pursue an Indian trail. So early as 1864 I conferred with the commissioners about the expediency of applying to the legis- lature to bring about this change. evidently much excited; very soon it would ha\'e been difficult to determine whether the hunters or d'ogs were more excit- ed.